This research seminar trains graduate students in historical research and writing. Each student will develop a focused research topic at the beginning of the semester and will produce an essay of approximately 30-40 pages. Seminar papers should serve as the basis for portfolio papers, publishable articles, or dissertation chapters. Students are invited to explore topics that advance their particular research goals. Students are also encouraged to use this course as an opportunity to deepen existing skills or to explore new methodological approaches.